Centre for Infrastructure, Policy, Regulation and Advancement
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The Centre for Infrastructure, Policy, Regulation and Advancement (CIPRA) is devoted to research, training and advocacy in infrastructure development. As economic growth and development of nations are widely acknowledged to be linked directly to levels of infrastructure endowment, it has become evident to transition and developing economies just how much their future growth and advancement depend on the adequacy of their social and economic infrastructure.
Thus CIPRA seeks to advance the need to approach infrastructural provision, policy formulation and regulation in a more structured and strategic manner to ensure not only sustained availability of infrastructure, but also ensuring that public and private sector investment in this area is facilitated by a public policy and regulatory environment that is progressive and renders private investors enthusiastic about investing.
Ultimately the Centre seeks to improve the state of infrastructure in Africa, administration of infrastructure, governance of states, the level of engagement in the public policy process, and the way public utilities and resources are regulated through research, teaching and public events.
The Centre in supporting research, hopes to nurture faculty interests in broad areas of public policy, infrastructural provision and development, and business models that facilitate effective and efficient administration of infrastructure. The Centre offers a variety of communications open to students, academics and the public.
Focus of CIPRA
To facilitate the process of infrastructural provision by ensuring that greater understanding exists about:
Ways inadequate infrastructure services affect business and productivity of a nation or state
Options for providing and maintaining the delivery of various infrastructure services more effectively
Economic impact and potential cost savings from improved infrastructure services
How to attract investors to respond to the opportunities posed by deficient infrastructure
How to be successful with private sector provision of services as a viable alternative to public provision
CIPRA will also focus research and advisory services on:
What options exist in terms of investment, technology, pricing, institutions, regulation and financing?
Policy and regulatory changes that will guarantee the fuller use of public private partnerships for infrastructure services provision.
Consumer protection issues associated with the participation of the private sector in the supply of infrastructure related activities.
Pricing policies that are more efficient in the presence of congestion, system failures, and so on, especially when the services are provided by monopolies.
State of Infrastructure Report Power: (2013/2014)
Electricity is literally the life-wire of the modern economic system, enabling technological growth, industrial production and human development. Several studies have linked electricity consumption to economic growth; higher consumption is associated with higher productivity and higher standard of living and vice versa.
Over the past three decades, Nigeria’s economy has been held hostage by chronic spate of poor and unstable electricity supply deriving from a mix of bottlenecks ranging from corruption, underinvestment, population expansion and inefficient technology. Poor and unstable electricity supply has not only led to deindustrialization – a rapid exit of firms from Nigeria occurring over the past three decades –but also severely penalizes productivity and imposes enormous costs, estimated to be around $13 to $26 billion annually, on the citizens. Adding the lost productivity resulting from absent electric power to the opportunity cost of the amount spent on substitute power sources, the cost simply escalates. This cost is well above the estimated annual investment requirement for bridging the infrastructure gap of $10 billion.
This State of Infrastructure Report on Power is CIPRA’s periodic report assessing the health of our critical infrastructure assets. This report has therefore, assessed the current state of the Nigerian Electricity Supply Industry (NESI) with a view to highlighting infrastructural deficits inherent in the system. In particular, the report examined the performance of the power sector reform process initiated by the government with a view to evaluating the progress made in such areas as the regulatory framework, privatization of the 17 PHCN successor companies and effective management of the Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN). The response of international investing community to the efforts of the Nigerian government to attract Foreign Direct Investment into the sector also came under scrutiny. Based on deep industry and technical analysis, the report has come up with informed suggestions on robust and sustainable ways to improve on the power infrastructure.
State of Infrastructure Reports: Roads (2013/2014)
Roads and highways have become critical in the modern economy in not just facilitating movement, but often determining both the location and pattern of human settlement, the citing of social and economic production bases-from schools and hospitals to industrial parks. As such, they are an integral part of the underlying contour shaping the architecture of cities and the evolution of the modern, urban space. They are critical, indirect inputs to the production function in terms of geography of production. Roads are direct inputs in the production of agglomeration benefits, economy of scale and increasing returns.
It is an accepted truth that roads, like almost every other infrastructure asset in Nigeria, have suffered much neglect in the past four decades for lack of funds, corruption, inefficiency, poor planning, inappropriate technology choices and poor maintenance culture. Years of neglect, compounded by rapid urbanization and burgeoning population, economic expansion, income growth leading to increased vehicle ownership and traffic, act together to shorten the lifespan of existing roads, create suffocating congestion problems in the inner cities, increase commuting time, triple the cost of living by increasing transportation and vehicular maintenance costs and ultimately rendering the economy very uncompetitive.
CIPRA regularly organises activities such as seminars and conferences that attract infrastructure professionals, government workers, and workers from diverse industries in the private sector. These events are a great forum to share knowledge on economic and infrastructure development. The events also present a valuable networking opportunity for participants.
Contact us for a list of seminars we have to offer for 2015 and for bespoke programmes tailored for your organisational needs.
High Level Forum On Nigeria’s Energy Future
Lagos Business School’s Centre for Infrastructure, Policy, Regulation and Advancement (CIPRA) and Heinrich Böll Foundation organized a High-Level Forum to discuss Nigeria’s Energy Future. The event took place at the Lagos Business School, on April 28, 2015 and brought together international and national energy experts including Hans Verolme- Senior Strategic Climate Adviser; Christine K- Director, Heinrich Böll Foundation; Batchi Baldeh- Senior Vice President Power, Africa Finance Corporation; Ayodele Oni- Lawyer and Energy Expert, Banwo & Ighodalo; and Hannah Kabir-CEO, Creeds Energy among others.
At the forum, Dr. Ijeoma Nwagwu of CIPRA, Lagos Business School said that detailed concepts and policies for the required massive increase in electricity supplies have hardly been discussed in public in Nigeria, even during the recent election campaigns, and “this time of transition is the perfect opportunity for renewed, hopeful and strategic focus on energy poverty in Nigeria.” According to Dr. Nwagwu, “If it is to make gains on its commitment to create jobs, address insecurity and corruption in Nigeria, the new government must deal with the reality that 80% of Nigerians lack stable power supply and 2/3rds of Africans, mainly in the rural areas, live without electricity.”
Christine K, Nigeria Director of the Heinrich Boll Foundation said, “Most Nigerian experts favor an expansion of the national grid, fed by power from fossil fuels such as oil and gas. Given that the infrastructural choices taken today will lock Nigeria onto a certain energy pathway for the next 30 to 50 years, a wider discussion of the implications of these infrastructural choices is necessary,” today, given the context of global warming from CO2 emissions and a changing global energy and energy investment landscape.
In his presentation, the keynote speaker Hans Verolme emphasized the role of energy as the backbone of Nigeria’s economic, social, environmental development. He further discussed Nigeria’s energy future in a global context of CO2 emission reductions and the country’s energy options (solar, hydro, etc.) A panel of energy experts (Oni, Baldeh, Verolme & Kabir) then engaged the audience and identified hydro and gas as having the highest potential to ensure clean, reliable and affordable energy for Nigeria. They agreed that for Nigeria to have a functional energy mix, collaboration is required from key policy and decision makers in the public and private sectors.
The written outcomes of the forum will be distributed as policy briefs and adapted for public engagement and advocacy.
For enquiries regarding the Centre for Infrastructure, Policy, Regulation and Advancement (CIPRA) in particular, contact:
Dr. Ijeoma Nwagwu
Centre Manager, Centre for Infrastructure, Policy, Regulation and Advancement (CIPRA)
Lagos Business School,
Km 22, Lekki-Epe Expressway,
Telephone: +234 -1-7740280; 8991449; 7901510